Categories And Computer Science

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Author: R. F. C. Walters
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521422260
Size: 14.66 MB
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Categories And Computer Science by R. F. C. Walters


Original Title: Categories And Computer Science

Category Theory has, in recent years, become increasingly important and popular in computer science, and many universities now introduce Category Theory as part of the curriculum for undergraduate computer science students. Here, the theory is developed in a straightforward way, and is enriched with many examples from computer science.

Category Theory And Computer Science

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Author: David H. Pitt
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540544951
Size: 25.93 MB
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Category Theory And Computer Science by David H. Pitt


Original Title: Category Theory And Computer Science

The papers in this volume were presented at the fourth biennial Summer Conference on Category Theory and Computer Science, held in Paris, September3-6, 1991. Category theory continues to be an important tool in foundationalstudies in computer science. It has been widely applied by logicians to get concise interpretations of many logical concepts. Links between logic and computer science have been developed now for over twenty years, notably via the Curry-Howard isomorphism which identifies programs with proofs and types with propositions. The triangle category theory - logic - programming presents a rich world of interconnections. Topics covered in this volume include the following. Type theory: stratification of types and propositions can be discussed in a categorical setting. Domain theory: synthetic domain theory develops domain theory internally in the constructive universe of the effective topos. Linear logic: the reconstruction of logic based on propositions as resources leads to alternatives to traditional syntaxes. The proceedings of the previous three category theory conferences appear as Lecture Notes in Computer Science Volumes 240, 283 and 389.

The Territories Of Science And Religion

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Author: Peter Harrison
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022618451X
Size: 75.47 MB
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The Territories Of Science And Religion by Peter Harrison


Original Title: The Territories Of Science And Religion

The conflict between science and religion seems indelible, even eternal. Surely two such divergent views of the universe have always been in fierce opposition? Actually, that’s not the case, says Peter Harrison: our very concepts of science and religion are relatively recent, emerging only in the past three hundred years, and it is those very categories, rather than their underlying concepts, that constrain our understanding of how the formal study of nature relates to the religious life. In The Territories of Science and Religion, Harrison dismantles what we think we know about the two categories, then puts it all back together again in a provocative, productive new way. By tracing the history of these concepts for the first time in parallel, he illuminates alternative boundaries and little-known relations between them—thereby making it possible for us to learn from their true history, and see other possible ways that scientific study and the religious life might relate to, influence, and mutually enrich each other. A tour de force by a distinguished scholar working at the height of his powers, The Territories of Science and Religion promises to forever alter the way we think about these fundamental pillars of human life and experience.

Category Theory And Computer Science

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Author: Eugenio Moggi
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540634553
Size: 58.63 MB
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Category Theory And Computer Science by Eugenio Moggi


Original Title: Category Theory And Computer Science

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Category Theory and Computer Science, CTCS'97, held in Santa Margheria Ligure, Italy, in September 1997. Category theory attracts interest in the theoretical computer science community because of its ability to establish connections between different areas in computer science and mathematics and to provide a few generic principles for organizing mathematical theories. This book presents a selection of 15 revised full papers together with three invited contributions. The topics addressed include reasoning principles for types, rewriting, program semantics, and structuring of logical systems.

Sins Against Science

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Author: Lynda Walsh
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 0791481166
Size: 19.17 MB
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Sins Against Science by Lynda Walsh


Original Title: Sins Against Science

Recounts the fake news stories, written from 1830 to 1880, about scientific and technological discoveries, and the effect these hoaxes had on readers and their trust in science. Lynda Walsh explores a provocative era in American history—the proliferation of fake news stories about scientific and technological discoveries from 1830 to 1880. These hoaxes, which fooled thousands of readers, offer a first-hand look at an intriguing guerilla tactic in the historical struggle between arts and sciences in America. Focusing on the hoaxes of Richard Adams Locke, Edgar Allan Poe, Mark Twain, and Dan De Quille, the author combines rhetorical hermeneutics, linguistic pragmatics, and reader-response theory to answer three primary questions: How did the hoaxes work? What were the hoaxers trying to accomplish? And—what is a hoax? “Its careful examination of contemporary reader reactions to the hoaxes provides concrete evidence for what people actually believed—thus attesting very specifically to the nineteenth-century ‘assumptions about the real world’ that were being ‘called into question’ by the hoaxes … impressively wide range of historical and theoretical resources are brought to bear on these ‘acts of reading.’ All of this is woven into a rich and nuanced account of what we stand to gain—in terms of understanding the past—by taking seriously a handful of little known jests.” — The Edgar Allen Poe Review “I found the book to be quite informative, not only as a technical exploration concerned with how readers interact with texts that promulgate hoaxes, but also as a work providing helpful glimpses of the emerging roles of science and media in this period.” — Thomas M. Lessl, The University of Georgia “As Walsh points out, there is no extended analysis of hoaxes in the rhetoric of science, and her book shows how important hoaxes are in understanding the history of professionalized science as it emerged in the United States. The relationship of science and the the public is of utmost importance in science studies, and the author has identified a key source of historical information about this relationship.” — Ellen Barton, coeditor of Discourse Studies in Composition

Applications Of Categories In Computer Science

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Author: M. P. Fourman
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521427265
Size: 14.15 MB
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Applications Of Categories In Computer Science by M. P. Fourman


Original Title: Applications Of Categories In Computer Science

Category theory and related topics of mathematics have been increasingly applied to computer science in recent years. This book contains selected papers from the London Mathematical Society Symposium on the subject which was held at the University of Durham. Participants at the conference were leading computer scientists and mathematicians working in the area and this volume reflects the excitement and importance of the meeting. All the papers have been refereed and represent some of the most important and current ideas. Hence this book will be essential to mathematicians and computer scientists working in the applications of category theory.

Philosophy And Cognitive Science Categories Consciousness And Reasoning

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Author: A. Clark
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401587310
Size: 69.75 MB
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Philosophy And Cognitive Science Categories Consciousness And Reasoning by A. Clark


Original Title: Philosophy And Cognitive Science Categories Consciousness And Reasoning

PHILOSOPHY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCE: CATEGORIES, CONSCIOUSNESS, AND REASONING The individual man, since his separate existence is manifested only by ignorance and error, so far as he is anything apart from his fellows, and from what he and they are to be, is only a negation. Peirce, Some Consequences of Four Incapacities. 1868. For the second time the International Colloquium on Cognitive Science gathered at San Sebastian from May, 7-11, 1991 to discuss the following main topics: Knowledge of Categories Consciousness Reasoning and Interpretation Evolution, Biology, and Mind It is not an easy task to introduce in a few words the content of this volume. We have collected eleven invited papers presented at the Colloquium, which means the substantial part of it. Unfortunately, it has not been possible to include all the invited lectures of the meeting. Before sketching and showing the relevance of each paper, let us explain the reasons for having adopted the decision to organize each two years an international colloquium on Cognitive Science at Donostia (San Sebastian). First of all, Cognitive Science is a very active research area in the world, linking multidisciplinary efforts coming mostly from psychology, artificial intelligence, theoretical linguistics and neurobiology, and using more and more formal tools. We think that this new discipline lacks solid foundations, and in this sense philosophy, particularly knowledge theory, and logic must be called for.

Xslt 2 0 And Xpath 2 0 Programmer S Reference

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Author: Michael Kay
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118059476
Size: 17.43 MB
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Xslt 2 0 And Xpath 2 0 Programmer S Reference by Michael Kay


Original Title: Xslt 2 0 And Xpath 2 0 Programmer S Reference

Combining coverage of both XSLT 2.0 and XPath 2.0, this book is the definitive reference to the final recommendation status versions of both specifications. The authors start by covering the concepts in XSLT and XPath, and then delve into elements, operators, expressions with syntax, usage, and examples. Some of the specific topics covered include XSLT processing model, stylesheet structure, serialization, extensibility, and many others. In addition to online content that includes error codes, the book also has case studies you'll find applicable to your own challenges.

Exemplar Based Knowledge Acquisition

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Author: Ray Bareiss
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 1483216373
Size: 18.19 MB
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Exemplar Based Knowledge Acquisition by Ray Bareiss


Original Title: Exemplar Based Knowledge Acquisition

Exemplar-Based Knowledge Acquisition: A Unified Approach to Concept Representation, Classification, and Learning covers the fundamental issues in cognitive science and the technology for solving real problems. This text contains six chapters and begins with a description of the rationale for the design of Protos Approach, its construction and performance. The succeeding chapters discuss how the Protos approach meets the requirements of representing concepts, using them for classification, and acquiring them from available training. These chapters also deal with the design and implementation of Protos. These topics are followed by a presentation of examples of the application of Protos to audiology and evaluate its performance. The final chapters survey related work in the areas of case-based reasoning and automated knowledge acquisition and the contributions of Protos approach. This book will be of great value to psychologists, psychiatrists, and researchers in the field of artificial intelligence.

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